Science and Math
Science and Math World

5. Michael Jordan

4. Shakespeare

3. Abraham Lincoln

2. Nikola Tesla

1. Jesus Christ

The 3 Greatest Minds of All TimeItalianÂ polymathÂ whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father ofÂ palaeontology,Â iconology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time. Sometimes credited with the inventions of theÂ parachute,Â helicopterÂ andÂ tank,Â he epitomised theÂ Renaissance humanistÂ ideal. Today, Leonardo is widely considered one of the most diversely talented individuals ever to have lived.

2. Isaac NewtonEnglish physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a ânatural philosopherâ) who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in theÂ scientific revolution. His book âMathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy,â first published in 1687, laid the foundations forÂ classical mechanics. Newton made seminal contributions toÂ optics, and he shares credit withÂ Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizÂ for the development ofÂ calculus. Newton’sÂ PrincipiaÂ formulated theÂ laws of motionÂ andÂ universal gravitation, which dominated scientistsâ view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newtonâs work removed the last doubts about the validity of the heliocentric model of the Solar System. Newton built the first practicalÂ reflecting telescopeÂ and developed aÂ theory of colour based on the observation that aÂ prism decomposes white light into the many colours of theÂ visible spectrum. He formulated anÂ empirical law of cooling, studied theÂ speed of sound, and introduced the notion of aÂ Newtonian fluid. In addition to his work on calculus, as a mathematician Newton contributed to the study ofÂ power series, generalised the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, developed aÂ methodÂ for approximating the roots of a function, and classified most of theÂ cubic plane curves. Beyond his work on the mathematical sciences, Newton dedicated much of his time to the study ofÂ biblical chronology andÂ alchemy, but most of his work in those areas remained unpublished until long after his death.

1. Nikola TeslaSerbo-Croation/American inventor, discoverer, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, theoretical and experimental physicist, mathematician, futurist and humanitarian. Tesla was a hyperpolyglot who could speak eight languagesÂ including: Serbo-Croatian, English, Czech, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, and Latin. He claimed to have had a three-dimensional memory and thought process that tormented him in his youth, but later aided him with building his inventions in his own mind without wasting any physical energy. He was known to be able to recite by heart full books, mathematical formulas and poetry such as Goetheâs âFaust,âÂ NjegoĹĄâ âThe Mountain Wreath,âÂ Danteâs âDivine Comedy,â Shakespeareâs âHamlet,âÂ Byronâs âChilde Haroldâs Pilgrimage,â andÂ Pushkinâs âEugene Onegin.â Tesla has more original inventions to his credit than any other man in history. He has been accounted for 278 patents in 26 different countries. He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modernÂ alternating current (AC)Â electricity supplyÂ system that we still use today. Tesla was the first to invent and patent a commutatorlessÂ alternating current induction motor that led to an AC/DC war with Thomas Edison. All electrical machinery using or generating alternating current is due to Tesla, without which our our electrified power lines, and our subways would be farless advanced. The Tesla Induction Motor, the Tesla Rotary Converter, the Tesla Phase System of Power Transmission, the Tesla Steam and Gas Turbine, the Tesla Coil ( used for radio technology), and the Oscillation Transformer are perhaps his better known inventions.Â In his labs he conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He is also the father of remote control, building a wireless controlled boat exhibited in 1898. Although not recognized for, he was the first to discovery the electron, radioactivity, cosmic rays, terrestrial resonance, stationary waves (standing waves), and the first to invent fluorescent light bulbs. He first demonstrated wireless energy/power by lighting his phosphorescent light bulbs wirelessly in a demonstration given before the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia,1893. He also theorized a particle beam to be used for defense in war, and also to produce an artificial Aurora Borealis to light the night skies, and a particle beam to be used for defense in war. He intended to unify all his innovations into one big machine known as his âWorld System,â but lacked the investments and funds to finish his work on a large scale. His failure to accomplish his goals left him with a distorted persona of a mad scientist, and a dreamer whose imagination created an unrealistic hope for the future. Tesla would eventually die penniless and alone in his New York apartment, but like the two greats above, he lives on through all his inventions and contributions to this world that last until the end of man.

â**Hugo Gernsback**

(â**Nikola Tesla and His Inventions â An Announcement**.â *Electrical Experimenter*, January, 1919.)