Author: Nikola Tesla

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IN 1907, NIKOLA TESLA CONSIDERED THE STATEMENT MADE BY MACDOUGALL AND FIVE BOSTON PHYSICIANS TOO ABSURD FOR DISCUSSION:

“That an aggregation of impressions, thoughts and feelings having no materiality, and vaguely designated as mind, or soul, should be substance susceptible of quantitative determination is altogether too absurd for discussion.

“The change however, which takes place in the human body during its awful transition from life to death is a great subject for scientific investigation which may possibly lead to important results. If the experiments of Massachusetts physicians are to be at all seriously considered, it is only in this respect.

“I could not help being struck by the fact that men of a scientific caliber sufficiently large to undertake measurements requiring the greatest delicacy and skill, should not be correspondingly resourceful in devising the apparatus for the purpose. A scale responding to the weight of one tenth of an ounce is not a fit instrument for weighing the human soul.

“It is not less astonishing that such trained observer should have overlooked a trivial cause responsible for the seeming lightening of the body. I use this term designedly, for accepting the exudations which have been taken into consideration there was no loss of substance in death.

“When the rigor mortis sets in there is an increase of volume for various reasons. Just to give a rough idea I shall assume that the living body, weighing a hundred and sixty pounds, had filled a space of three cubic feet. The air in a sick room may weigh about fourteen ounces per cubic feet. Half an ounce of the air would consequently occupy a space of sixty-two cubic inches, and that would be only one percent of the original volume of three cubic feet. As will readily be seen, a very slight general deformation of the body, scarcely perceptible, is adequate to explain the puzzling observation. The sudden tipping of the scale demonstrates nothing except the coarseness of the instrument. Had the balance been very sensitive, owing to the resistance of the air, the platform would have ascended slowly.“

–Nikola Tesla

“Scientists Doubt The Human Soul Was Weighed.” New York World, March 17, 1907.

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“The Illusion of the Axial Rotation of the Moon”

By Nikola Tesla

“Famous Scientific Illusions.” Electrical Experimenter, February, 1919.

It is well known since the discovery of Galileo that the moon, in travelling thru space, always turns the same face towards the earth. This is explained by stating that while passing once around its mother-planet the lunar globe performs just one revolution on its axis. The spinning motion of a heavenly body must necessarily undergo modifications in the course of time, being either retarded by resistances internal or external, or accelerated owing to shrinkage and other causes. An unalterable rotational velocity thru all phases of planetary evolution is manifestly impossible. What wonder, then, that at this very instant of its long existence our satellite should revolve exactly so, and not faster or slower. But many astronomers have accepted as a physical fact that such rotation takes place. It does not, but only appears so; it is an illusion, a most surprising one, too.

Fig. 1. It Is Well Known That the Moon, M., Always Turns the Same Face Toward the Earth, E, as the Black Arrows Indicate. The Parallel Rays From the Sun Illuminate the Moon In Its Successive Orbital Positions as the Unshaded Semi-circles Indicate. Bearing This in Mind, Do You Believe That the Moon Rotates on Its Own Axis?

I will endeavor to make this clear by reference to Fig. 1, in which E represents the earth and M the moon. The movement thru space is such that the arrow, firmly attached to the latter, always occupies the position indicated with reference to the earth. If one imagines himself as looking down on the orbital plane and follows the motion he will become convinced that the moon does turn on its axis as it travels around. But in this very act the observer will have deceived himself. To make the delusion complete let him take a washer similarly marked and supporting it rotatably in the center, carry it around a stationary object, constantly keeping the arrow pointing towards the latter. Tho to his bodily vision the disk will revolve on its axis, such movement does not exist. He can dispel the illusion at once by holding the washer fixedly while going around. He will now readily see that the supposed axial rotation is only apparent, the impression being produced by successive changes of position in space.

Fig. 2. Tesla’s Conception of the Rotation of the Moon, M, Around the Earth, E; the Moon, In This Demonstration Hypothesis, Being Considered as Embedded In a Solid Mass, M,. If, As Commonly Believed, the Moon Rotates, This Would Be Equally True For a Portion of the Mass M?, and the Part Common to Both Bodies Would Turn Simultaneously In “Opposite” Directions.

But more convincing proofs can be given that the moon does not, and cannot revolve on its axis. With this object in view attention is called to Fig. 2, in which both the satellite, M, and earth, E, are shown embedded in a solid mass, M1, (indicated by stippling) and supposed to rotate so as to impact to the moon its normal translatory velocity. Evidently, if the lunar globe could rotate as commonly believed, this would be equally true of any other portion of mass M1, as the sphere M2, shown in dotted lines, and then the part common to both bodies would have to turn simultaneously in opposite directions. This can be experimentally illustrated in the manner suggested by using instead of one, two overlapping rotatable washers, as may be conveniently represented by circles M and M2, and carrying them around a center as E, so that the plain and dotted arrows are always pointing towards the same center. No further argument is needed to demonstrate that the two gyrations cannot co-exist or even be pictured in the imagination and reconciled in a purely abstract sense.

The truth is, the so-called “axial rotation” of the moon is a phenomenon deceptive alike to the eye and mind and devoid of physical meaning. It has nothing in common with real mass revolution characterized by effects positive and unmistakable. Volumes have been written on the subject and many erroneous arguments advanced in support of the notion. Thus, it is reasoned, that if the planet did not turn on its axis it would expose the whole surface to terrestrial view; as only one-half is visible, it must revolve. The first statement is true but the logic of the second is defective, for it admits of only one alternative. The conclusion is not justified as the same appearance can also be produced in another way. The moon does rotate, not on its own, but about an axis passing thru the center of the earth, the true and only one.

The unfailing test of the spinning of a mass is, however, the existence of energy of motion. The moon is not possest of such vis viva. If it were the case then a revolving body as M1 would contain mechanical energy other than that of which we have experimental evidence. Irrespective of this so exact a coincidence between the axial and orbital periods is, in itself, immensely improbable for this is not the permanent condition towards which the system is tending. Any axial rotation of a mass left to itself, retarded by forces external or internal, must cease. Even admitting its perfect control by tides the coincidence would still be miraculous. But when we remember that most of the satellites exhibit this peculiarity, the probability becomes infinitestimal.

Three theories have been advanced for the origin of the moon. According to the oldest suggested by the great German philosopher Kant, and developed by Laplace in his monumental treatise “Mécanique Céleste,” the planets have been thrown off from larger central masses by centrifugal force. Nearly forty years ago Prof. George H. Darwin in a masterful essay on tidal friction furnished mathematical proofs, deemed unrefutable, that the moon had separated from the earth. Recently this established theory has been attacked by Prof. T. J. J. See in a remarkable work on the “Evolution of the Stellar Systems,” in which he propounds the view that centrifugal force was altogether inadequate to bring about the separation and that all planets, including the moon, have come from the depths of space and have been captured. Still a third hypothesis of unknown origin exists which has been examined and commented upon by Prof. W. H. Pickering in “Popular Astronomy of 1907,” and according to which the moon was torn from the earth when the later was partially solidified, this accounting for the continents which might not have been formed otherwise.

Undoubtedly planets and satellites have originated in both ways and, in my opinion, it is not difficult to ascertain the character of their birth. The following conclusions can be safely drawn:

1. A heavenly body thrown off from a larger one cannot rotate on its axis. The mass, rendered fluid by the combined action of heat and pressure, upon the reduction of the latter immediately stiffens, being at the same time deformed by gravitational pull. The shape becomes permanent upon cooling and solidification and the smaller mass continues to move about the larger one as tho it were rigidly connected to it except for pendular swings or librations due to varying orbital velocity. Such motion precludes the possibility of axial rotation in the strictly physical sense. The moon has never spun around as is well demonstrated by the fact that the most precise measurements have failed to show any measurable flattening in form.

2. If a planetary body in its orbital movement turns the same side towards the central mass this is a positive proof that it has been separated from the latter and is a true satellite.

3. A planet revolving on its axis in its passage around another cannot have been thrown off from the same but must have been captured.

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“The human brain, with all its wonderful capabilities and power, is far from being a faultless apparatus. Most of its parts may be in perfect working order, but some are atrophied, undeveloped or missing altogether. Great men of all classes and professions — scientists, inventors, and hard-headed financiers — have placed themselves on record with impossible theories, inoperative devices, and unrealizable schemes. It is doubtful that there could be found a single work of any one individual free of error. There is no such thing as an infallible brain. Invariably, some cells or fibers are wanting or unresponsive, with the result of impairing judgment, sense of proportion, or some other faculty. A man of genius eminently practical, whose name is a household word, has wasted the best years of his life in a visionary undertaking. A celebrated physicist was incapable of tracing the direction of an electric current according to a childishly simple rule. The writer, who was known to recite entire volumes by heart, has never been able to retain in memory and recapitulate in their proper order the words designating the colors of the rainbow, and can only ascertain them after long and laborious thought, strange as it may seem.

"Our organs of reception, too, are deficient and deceptive. As a semblance of life is produced by a rapid succession of inanimate pictures, so many of our perceptions are but trickery of the senses, devoid of reality. The greatest triumphs of man were those in which his mind had to free itself from the influence of delusive appearances. Such was the revelation of Buddha that self is an illusion caused by the persistence and continuity of mental images: the discovery of Copernicus that, contrary to all observation, this planet rotates around the sun; the recognition of Descartes that the human being is an automaton, governed by external influence and the idea that the earth is spherical, which led Columbus to the finding of this continent. And tho the minds of individuals supplement one another and science and experience are continually eliminating fallacies and misconceptions, much of our present knowledge is still incomplete and unreliable. We have sophisms in mathematics which cannot be disproved. Even in pure reasoning, free of the shortcomings of symbolic processes, we are often arrested by doubt which the strongest intelligences have been unable to dispel. Experimental science itself, most positive of all, is not unfailing.”

– Nikola Tesla

“Famous Scientific Illusions.” Electrical Experimenter, February, 1919.

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drnikolatesla:

500,000 Volts Of Electricity Passed Through Body To Cure Consumption – Tesla’s Idea. 

New York World, August 19, 1900.

Nikola Tesla has recently invented an electrical instrument which he thinks will revolutionize the science of medicine. By means of an oscillator he proposes to cure consumption, cancer and other forms of disease which have hitherto resisted all the efforts of medical science.

Ordinarily, 800 volts of electricity passes through the body of a man by means of the dry-cell method are sufficient to kill him.

By Tesla’s machine half a million volts can be administered to a patient without ill effect. One scarcely feels the subtle fluid, which, in another form, would instantly annihilate him.

A peculiar property claimed for the Tesla electricity is that it affects the germs of the disease without destroying the cells of the tissues of the body. Many doctors could cure consumption if they had only the disease bacillus to deal with. But they have to consider the cell structure of the human body. A germicide powerful enough to kill the consumption germ would also destroy the tissues in which this germ is conducting its operations. Ordinary electricity passed through the tissue would reduce it to its elemental state.

The Tesla oscillator in now in use by New York physicians, who record marvelous results. Patients suffering from chronic consumption have been cued permanently. Men whose hours have been numbered have taken up their beds and walked.

The Tesla oscillator not only cures consumption. Its effect in fevers has been pronounced marvelous. In four seconds the temperature has been brought down from 105 degrees to normal. The pulse, racing at fatal speed, has been checked and made to beat time to perfect health. The breath, short and gasping, has been sustained, and all pain from the lungs have been eliminated.

Should Tesla’s new discovery prove all that the inventor claims for it, physic may be thrown to the dogs. A few days of Tesla’s treatment, painless and pleasant, will suffice.

By Nikola Tesla:

“My new oscillator is based on a principle which I discovered some time ago. It involves the use of vibrations of an electrical condenser which stores electrical energy. This energy is of an explosive nature, like the power locked up in dynamite, only it is many times more powerful.

“When this energy is suddenly released, as in my machine, it produces quickly varying oscillations which are able to penetrate through bodies. Though this energy may be enormous in amount, it is not harmful in nature.

“By means of this machine I may pass at least half a million volts of electricity through a man without injury. It is well known, helps cure many diseases. Indeed, it may be utilized with beneficial effect.

“I am of opinion that electricity in this form may be used as a means of stamping out internal disease. When you stand in the sunlight your body is receiving millions of volts of electricity; and yet, this is not of a harmful kind. It is the same way with my new electric energy. If you hold up your hand in the light you will see that certain portions of it are illuminated. The rays have passed into the flesh. Sunlight, as is well known, helps to cure many diseases.

“The germs of consumption and kindred diseases grow in darkness. Almost all organic growths develop under the absence of sunlight and electrical energy. Now, if these portions of the body in which germs are growing are subjected to electricity the diseases will be unable to live in the changed atmosphere, as it were, and the disease will disappear. This has long been recognized in medical science; but electricity could not be administered in sufficiently powerful quantities to affect germs without hurting the tissue themselves.

“My oscillator enables this to be done. That is why I base such hopes on its career as a therapeutic agent. It has already been tried and remarkable results have been obtained.”

Tesla’s oscillator is a small, drum-like object, oblong in form. It is about 2 feet long by 1 foot wide. It is connected with the ordinary street wires, setting up his wonderful oscillator electricity as soon as the current is turned on.

The current is applied to the patient by means of a glass electrode which is spoon-shaped. The patient feels no sensation whatever, and would be unconscious of the treatment were it not indicated by a redness about the part to which the current is applied. When the patient is undergoing treatment and the oscillator is working in full force sparks may be obtained from a portion of the body.

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500,000 Volts Of Electricity Passed Through Body To Cure Consumption – Tesla’s Idea. 

New York World, August 19, 1900.

Nikola Tesla has recently invented an electrical instrument which he thinks will revolutionize the science of medicine. By means of an oscillator he proposes to cure consumption, cancer and other forms of disease which have hitherto resisted all the efforts of medical science.

Ordinarily, 800 volts of electricity passes through the body of a man by means of the dry-cell method are sufficient to kill him.

By Tesla’s machine half a million volts can be administered to a patient without ill effect. One scarcely feels the subtle fluid, which, in another form, would instantly annihilate him.

A peculiar property claimed for the Tesla electricity is that it affects the germs of the disease without destroying the cells of the tissues of the body. Many doctors could cure consumption if they had only the disease bacillus to deal with. But they have to consider the cell structure of the human body. A germicide powerful enough to kill the consumption germ would also destroy the tissues in which this germ is conducting its operations. Ordinary electricity passed through the tissue would reduce it to its elemental state.

The Tesla oscillator in now in use by New York physicians, who record marvelous results. Patients suffering from chronic consumption have been cued permanently. Men whose hours have been numbered have taken up their beds and walked.

The Tesla oscillator not only cures consumption. Its effect in fevers has been pronounced marvelous. In four seconds the temperature has been brought down from 105 degrees to normal. The pulse, racing at fatal speed, has been checked and made to beat time to perfect health. The breath, short and gasping, has been sustained, and all pain from the lungs have been eliminated.

Should Tesla’s new discovery prove all that the inventor claims for it, physic may be thrown to the dogs. A few days of Tesla’s treatment, painless and pleasant, will suffice.

By Nikola Tesla:

“My new oscillator is based on a principle which I discovered some time ago. It involves the use of vibrations of an electrical condenser which stores electrical energy. This energy is of an explosive nature, like the power locked up in dynamite, only it is many times more powerful.

“When this energy is suddenly released, as in my machine, it produces quickly varying oscillations which are able to penetrate through bodies. Though this energy may be enormous in amount, it is not harmful in nature.

“By means of this machine I may pass at least half a million volts of electricity through a man without injury. It is well known, helps cure many diseases. Indeed, it may be utilized with beneficial effect.

“I am of opinion that electricity in this form may be used as a means of stamping out internal disease. When you stand in the sunlight your body is receiving millions of volts of electricity; and yet, this is not of a harmful kind. It is the same way with my new electric energy. If you hold up your hand in the light you will see that certain portions of it are illuminated. The rays have passed into the flesh. Sunlight, as is well known, helps to cure many diseases.

“The germs of consumption and kindred diseases grow in darkness. Almost all organic growths develop under the absence of sunlight and electrical energy. Now, if these portions of the body in which germs are growing are subjected to electricity the diseases will be unable to live in the changed atmosphere, as it were, and the disease will disappear. This has long been recognized in medical science; but electricity could not be administered in sufficiently powerful quantities to affect germs without hurting the tissue themselves.

"My oscillator enables this to be done. That is why I base such hopes on its career as a therapeutic agent. It has already been tried and remarkable results have been obtained.”

Tesla’s oscillator is a small, drum-like object, oblong in form. It is about 2 feet long by 1 foot wide. It is connected with the ordinary street wires, setting up his wonderful oscillator electricity as soon as the current is turned on.

The current is applied to the patient by means of a glass electrode which is spoon-shaped. The patient feels no sensation whatever, and would be unconscious of the treatment were it not indicated by a redness about the part to which the current is applied. When the patient is undergoing treatment and the oscillator is working in full force sparks may be obtained from a portion of the body.

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drnikolatesla:

*The Greatest Goats of All-Time*

🐐🐐🐐🐐🐐

5. Michael Jordan

4. William Shakespeare

3. Abraham Lincoln

2. Nikola Tesla

1. Jesus Christ

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*The Greatest Goats of All-Time*

🐐🐐🐐🐐🐐

5. Michael Jordan

4. William Shakespeare

3. Abraham Lincoln

2. Nikola Tesla

1. Jesus Christ

Regular

🐐The Greatest Goats of All-Time🐐

5. Michael Jordan

4. Shakespeare

3. Abraham Lincoln

2. Nikola Tesla

1. Jesus Christ

Regular

drnikolatesla:

Nikola Tesla Won 8 Nobel Prizes For His Work And Discoveries.

No He Didn’t… These People Did Instead…

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Physics, 1901: Wilhelm Roentgan was awarded the first Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of X-Rays on November 8, 1895. Not many know this but Tesla was working with X-Rays prior to Roentgen in 1892, but used the term “radiant matter” instead. He conducted numerous experiments and some of the first imaging, which he called “shadowgraphs,” using these unknown rays in his laboratory before its destruction by fire on March 13, 1895. Tesla was also the first to warn the scientific world on the harms of these rays if not used properly.

Marie Curie, Pierre Curie and Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics/Chemistry, 1903/1911: The three shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery and work on radioactivity in 1898. Madame Curie won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discovery of radium and polonium, also in 1898. Tesla discovered radioactivity in experiments with X-Rays in 1896, and published many articles on the subject in scientific periodicals prior to the three.

Joseph John Thomson, Physics, 1906: Thomson was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the electron in 1897. Tesla originally called electrons “matter not further decomposable” in his experiments with radiant energy in 1896, but his discovery of the electron goes back as far as 1891 in a debate he and Thomson had about Tesla’s experiments with alternating currents of high frequency. Tesla claimed that his experiments proved the existence of charged particles, or “small charged balls.” Thomson denied Tesla’s claim of verifying these particles until witnessing Tesla’s experiments and demonstrations given in a lecture before the Institute of Electrical Engineers at London in 1892. Thomson then adapted to Tesla’s methods of high frequency and was able to use equipment which allowed him to produce the required frequencies to investigate and establish his electron discovery. 

Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909: Both shared the Nobel Prize for their work and development of radio. Marconi is known for proving radio transmission by sending a radio signal in Italy in 1895, but it is a fact that he used Tesla’s work to establish his discovery. Tesla invented the “Tesla Coil” in 1891, which Marconi’s inventions relied on, and the inventor proved radio transmission in lectures given throughout 1893, sending electromagnetic waves to light wireless lamps. Tesla filed his own basic radio patent applications in 1897, which were granted in 1900. Marconi’s first patent application in the U.S. was filed on November 10, 1900, but was turned down. Marconi’s revised applications over the next three years were repeatedly rejected because of the priority of Tesla and other inventors, but was finally able to bypass Tesla’s work and secure his own. After Tesla’s death in 1943, the U.S. Supreme Court made Marconi’s patents invalid again and recognized Tesla as the true inventor of radio.

Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917: Barkla was awarded the prize for his work with Rontgen radiation and the characteristics of these X-rays and their secondary elements and effects. He was educated by J. J. Thomson. Again, Tesla worked with and explained these radiations in full detail throughout the late 1890s, showing that the source of X-rays was the site of first impact of electrons within the bulbs. He even investigated reflected X-rays and their characteristics such as Barkla.

Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921: Einstein was awarded the prize for his theoretical theories which are still praised today, and also his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. In 1905, Einstein considered that light has a nature of both a wave and a particle. This lead to the development of “photons,” or photo electrons, which gave light a wave-particle duality. Now it must be noted that Nikola Tesla wasn’t just a theoretical physicist like Einstein, but was an experimental physicist as well. In 1896, Nikola Tesla was the first to propose that energy had both particle-like and wavelike properties in experiments with radiant energy. He set up targets to shoot his cathode rays at which upon reflection, projected particles, or vibrations of extremely high frequencies. Nikola Tesla preceded Einstein by 4 years on the photoelectric effect publishing a patent titled “Apparatus of the Utilization of Radiant Energy.” filed in 1901, based off his experiments with radiant energy. He had a far better understanding on the matter than Einstein, mostly because he actually experimented with the issue to prove his theories.

James Chadwick, Physics, 1935: Awarded the prize for his discovery of the neutron in 1932. Tesla’s discovery of neutrons goes back to his work with cosmic rays, again in 1896, which are mentioned in the next bit. He investigated and discovered that cosmic rays shower down on us 24/7, and that they are small particles which carry so small a charge that we are justified in calling them neutrons. He measured some neutrons from distance stars, like Antares, which traveled at velocities exceeding that of light. Tesla succeeded in developing a motive device that operated off these cosmic rays.

Victor Franz Hess, Physics, 1936: Hess won the Prize for his discovery of the cosmic rays in 1919. Tesla predated him 23 years publishing a treatise in an electrical review on cosmic rays in 1896. Tesla’s knowledge on the matter surpasses even today’s understanding of cosmic rays.

Just gonna leave this here…